Data is considered to be one of the most critical assets. It allows transactions within a company to be easier to access and helps facilitate an efficient flow of operations. It is also crucial as companies rely on data-driven decision-making more than ever. Therefore, every business is seeking possible ways to store its data efficiently.

As businesses become more data-driven using databases, the top databases are essential to stand out in the market. With various databases in the marketplace, it is difficult for businesses to determine and select the one that will improve the data flow. Each update brings new challenges with every update; the speedy advancements and modifications to databases make it more difficult for companies.

This article will give you knowledge of the different kinds of databases and the top databases available and allow you to choose based on your business needs and data need. Let’s get going.

What is a Database?

Source: Dev Community

A Database is a structured collection of a variety of Structured and unstructured data in an electronic system that is controlled by a Database Management System (DBMS).

Data, databases, Database Management Systems (DBMS), and all other applications are part of the database system. It is easy to consider databases as huge tables with many columns and rows. However, it’s far more than that.

With the increasing volume of data, the demand for an improved Database Management System (DBMS) has risen to produce a variety of databases that provide accurate results. A database is typically separated into Flat Files, Relational, and Non-Relational Databases.

Who is a Data Architect?

The Data architects comprise IT professionals responsible for defining the policies, procedures, models, and technologies used to gather, organize, store, and retrieve data from the company. Data architects are experts who develop the data strategy for an organization that includes standards for data quality, the movement of data within the organization, and data security.

This is the dream of a professional in data management who converts business needs into technical specifications. Since the data architect is the crucial connection between technology and business is becoming more critical, the need for skilled data architects has increased.

What Does a Data Architect Do?

A data architect can understand the requirements of the business, study the data structure that is in place, and draws up a strategy to create an integrated framework that is readily accessible and secure data that is aligned with business strategies. The data architect is also responsible for defining the methods to test and maintain the database. The names Data Architect and Data Engineer are commonly mistaken and, more often, employed in conjunction. However, the Data Architect’s job differs from the Data Engineer’s role.

This data engineer against. Data architect argument where the latter creates the blueprint for a data structure, and the former puts the blueprint in action to construct a basic data framework. The Data Architect considers all data sources related to business operations. He proposes a plan to connect, centralize and manage the data. However, Data Engineers are responsible for constructing and maintaining sustainable Data. Data Engineer is accountable for building and testing reliable Data.

They are designing the organizational structure to make data retrieval and search easy. Data architects work closely with data engineers to create an efficient data structure.

What are the Responsibilities of a Data Architect?

The function of an architect of data is one of an inspirational leader within an organization. Data architects’ tasks and responsibilities comprise the following:

  • It is responsible for developing and implementing an organization-wide data strategy aligned with the business processes. The process includes designing data models and standards for the development of databases, the Implementation and administration of data warehouses, and data analysis systems.
  • It can identify external and internal data sources and develops a plan to manage data aligned with the organization’s data strategy.
  • We collaborate and coordinate with multi-functional teams, stakeholders and vendors to ensure the seamless operation of the corporate data system.
  • I oversee end-to-end data architecture from choosing the platform, creating the technical architecture, and developing the application until testing and implementing the suggested solution.
  • The planning and Implementation of big-data solutions using technology. The crucial roles of the data architect and responsibilities encompass the entire life-cycle administration of the Hadoop Solution.
  • We are working on defining and controlling the organization’s data flow and information distribution.
  • We incorporate technical capabilities to ensure access to data, accuracy, and security.
  • Conducting regular audits of the performance of the data management system and refining as needed, and reporting any security breach or loopholes to the stakeholder

How to Become a Data Architect?

To become a Data Architect, the bare minimum requirement for qualification is an undergraduate degree in computer engineering, computer science, or another related area. The course should include data management, programming, application design, significant advancements in data, systems analysis, and technological architectures. Imagine you’re a new student who wants to become an Information Architect. If you’re in that situation, start by completing internships that provide exposure to network management and designing applications and progress to the position of Database Administrator. 

In developing your skills in managing databases, data modeling, and data warehouse and warehousing, you will gradually advance your career toward the Data Architect’s job profile. The majority of companies prefer a Master’s degree that has many years of working experience in the field of data design, management, and storage work for positions in the upper levels. 

While all the technical abilities required by the position of a Data Architect are not taught in a single class, it is logical to acquire the relevant skills while working. You can also obtain additional certifications for yourself to become more proficient.

Different Types of Databases

The three kinds of databases are:

  • Flat File Database: These databases can store data without proper structure or indexing. The data stored in Flat File Databases Flat File Database do not connect and can be used as a solution to straightforward database-related tasks. This renders it ineffective for the world of data.
  • Relational Database: The name implies that the Relational Database stores and provides access to the related data points. Following the Relational Model, the Database was developed to structure diverse data. For instance, an E-Commerce company must track its transactions. The problem is repeated customers or items or addresses associated with similar customers. In this case, it is necessary to store data across multiple tables can be more convenient than the linear approach to the storage of information. This model defines a hierarchy to manage and access the entire data set; hence it is known as a Hierarchical Database. The model employs a tree structure to connect child nodes to one parent using a one-to-many relationship between different data elements.
  • Non-Relational Database: The idea was precise to handle Unstructured Data generated from numerous sources, including videos, audio, documents, social networks, etc. This Database is gaining popularity in recent times because companies are required to deal with Unstructured Data much more frequently than before. The model can store data differently from tables, allowing the associated data to be held in the same data structure. Non-Relational Databases are further separated into four kinds that are databases, i.e., the Document Store, Key-Value Databases, Wide-column Stores, and Graph Databases.

What Skills Does a Data Architect Need to Possess?

The most crucial information architecting skills are:

  • Expertise in systems development, including life-cycle Project management strategies, specifications, and methods for designing and testing.
  • Expertise in design, data modeling, SQL development, and database administration.
  • Knowledge of modeling predictive NLP, text analysis, and Machine Learning.
  • The ability to implement the most common techniques for data management and reporting and the basic concepts of columnar, NoSQL databases, Data visualization, unstructured and unstructured data, and analytics that are predictive.
  • Visualization, data mining, as well as Machine Learning skills.
  • The ability to program in programming languages Python, C/C++, Java, and Perl.


In the past, the selection of a database was more straightforward. One had to select the Relational Database for most of their needs. However, the decision-making process has become more critical in modern software development.

This article gave a deep knowledge of the top databases available on the market. The majority of modern companies employ multiple databases for their daily operations. This can create a challenging scenario as it is difficult if the joint analysis of information from various databases is required. A data integration solution must first be developed to integrate all the data in these databases and then store it in a central place.

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Hello, I'm Sai. I'm a freelance writer and blogger. I write unique and researched-based content on Saas products, online marketing, and much more. I'm constantly experimenting with new methods and staying current with the latest Saas updates. I'm also the founder and editor at Bowl of Wellness, where I share my latest recipes and tips for living a healthy lifestyle. You can read more at Bowl of Wellness -